Venice is one of the most famous and loved city in the world. This thanks its wonderful monuments, art and history. But mostly thanks its reflecting in the canals and rii, with its churches, palaces scattered all over the small islands in the lagoon.
The venetian lagoon was inhabited from the V sec. d.C., where the mainland population took refuge during the barbarian invasions. There the population kept increasing and livening up the famous Serenissima Republic of Venice. In this period,X-XI sec., Venice lived the most splendid moment, thanks its perfect position became the most important trading center and had the monopoly of all the commercial traffics. At this moment the building activities took on a further impetus: the most beautiful churches, the most luxury palaces and monuments were erected; many sculptors, painters and architects gave their contribution and made the wonders that we can admire now.
The discover of the ocean routes to the Indies, from the XV sec., started the decline of the Republic as a supreme power. The city ramined indipendent until 1797, in this year it joined to the Regno Longobardo-Veneto and then was given to the Austrians. In 1866 Venice was finally reunited with Italy.
How to get to Venice
Venice is located in the North-East of Italy and it is very easy to reach from everywhere, no matter which means of transport you have chosen. In fact the city is directly served by railway, airport – connected to aver 100 international destinations in 4 continents - and tourist port. There is also a regional and inter-regional public bus line terminal, and a private car terminal.
Venice is linked to the mainland by a system of connections consisting of seven terminals:
TRONCHETTO, PIAZZALE ROMA and the RAILWAY STATION inside the city; FUSINA, LIDO (CHIOGGIA), PUNTA SABBIONI and the AIRPORT outside the city. The eighth, only by water, is the terminal Marittima with the cruise station.
Arriving in Venice by plane – Marco Polo Airport
Marco Polo Airport
The “Marco Polo” International Airport in Tessera, third in Italy for scheduled passengers, contributes to the centrality of Venice within Europe; every week more than a 1000 scheduled flights and 122 international destination link Venice to the main European cities.
Marco Polo Airport is at about 12 km from Venice, and is connected to the city by the ACTV and ATVO bus routes and by taxis, by land, by the Alilaguna motorboats and by water taxis, by sea. Moving by land from Marco Polo Airport to reach the historical city centre of Venice, you arrive in Piazzale Roma, the bus terminal and the point of arrival for whoever wants to visit the city coming by car, a sort of last outpost of the mainland.
In fact, from Piazzale Roma you can continue only on foot, or with the ACTV water buses, or by water taxi. In Venice you can’t go by car!
There is an ACTV public bus service from Marco Polo Airport in Tessera to Venice, Piazzale Roma bus terminal, and to the centre of Mestre.
Treviso Airport is yet another alternative at hand for tourists who want to fly to Venice. Located deeper inland than Marco Polo, Treviso Airport is mainly serviced by low-cost airline companies, such as Ryanair, Belle Air, German Wings, Wizz Air and Transavia. This is an ideal opportunity for budget travelers who come from Amsterdam, Bucharest, Casablanca, Barcelona or Dublin.
The airport transfers from Treviso Airport to Venice are insured by ATVO, and, despite the distance (some 30 kilometers to Venice), they are fairly reliable and time and cost-efficient.
Bus to Venice:
Despite the fact motorized road transport in Venice is forbidden, getting to La Serenissima by bus is actually possible. It’s true reaching Venice by bus is not the most popular manner of traveling to Venice, but this remains, however, a solution at hand. The main bus terminal for national and international bus trips is located in Piazzale Roma (located at the Venetian extremity of Ponte della Liberta, which is, in fact, the extension of Via della Liberta, a road which springs directly from A4, Autostrada Padova-Venezia).
From Piazzale Roma, visitors must resort to other means of transport (such as the water taxis) in order to explore Venice in depth.
ATVO is the main bus company which provides trips throughout the province of Venice. The company provides connections with all the major cities and resorts in this part of Italy, and it counts as one of the top solutions in terms of airport transfer services. Thus, by resorting to this company’s services, tourists can get n virtually no time to Lignano, Jesolo, Caorle, Bibione, Treviso and, of course, Venice.
In order to learn all there is to know about the bus connections, bus schedule, ticket sale points, ticket prices, duration of a trip and the like, please go to ATVO service.
Arriving in Venice by train - Santa Lucia train station
All the railway connections in Venice end at the Santa Lucia Train Station (Ferrovia Venezia Santa Lucia). This station is located within the lagoon, and it is the terminal of most trains that come from the rest of Italy and sundry other European cities. The building of this train terminal completed during World War Two, and the fact it receives some 30 million passengers each year and about 450 trains a day proves not only the tourist opening of Venice, but also the contribution of the station to the tourist platform of the city.
The other major train station one can take into account in case they want to get to Venice by train is the station located in Mestre (Ferrovia Venezia Mestre). This one is located on the mainland Italy. After arriving at Mestre, tourists must get one of the buses operated by ATVO or by ACTV. Tens of millions of passengers transit this train station each year. It receives about 500 trains a day, and that speaks about the tourist importance of the station.
Travel Tip: Check the back of your ticket to see if it needs to be punched before boarding the train. If the ticket collector sees your ticket hasn’t been punched, he can impose a fine!
Arriving in Venice by train - Santa Lucia train station
Getting to Venice by car, as rewarding as it may sound in terms of the autonomy one can envisage while spending their vacation in Venice, is not, however, the most convenient solution. Motorized road traffic in Venice is not allowed, which is why coming to Venice by car defeats the purpose of a vacation which makes little room for public means of transport.
However, visitors who do choose to drive to Venice must learn before actually setting foot on the lagoon they must leave their vehicle in one of the car parks clustered in Piazzale Roma. Tourists must also mind that the parking space is not free. On the contrary, the services are quite expensive, amounting to several tens of euros per day.
Before reaching Piazzale Roma, tourists must first cross Ponte della Liberta (the Libery Bridge) which is the extension of Via della Liberta which, at its turn, springs from Autostrada Padova-Venezia. In order to learn more about the network of motorways and national roads of Italy and, hence, choose the most convenient combination depending on your point of departure, please visit Autostrade per l’Italia.
ASM Venezia manages three car parks: the City Parking Garage, the San Andrea Car Park and the San Giuliano Car Park. Each of these garages are fully equipped to provide reliable parking services, but the fares are, as said, considerable enough to make tourists think twice before turning to this company’s facilities. The San Giuliano Garage is not located in the lagoon proper, but nearby the mainland end of Ponte della Liberta.